Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina, is the fourth largest city on earth, but the rest of the people know surprisingly little about this vast and populated territory. Certainly, Argentina is more than you can observe with the naked eye. This list shows you Argentina in ten facts that most people do not know about.
Tango is a sensual and intimate dance for two people. His movements and music are seductive and passionate. Easily recognized thanks to the close embrace of dance partners and decisive rapid moves, Argentina boasts of inventing famous tango around the world. Tango danced its first steps near Rio de la Plata, the river separating Argentina from Uruguay. It extended to the working communities of the city until it gained popularity in the dance halls. This was the first couple dance that allowed improvisation. In 1912, Paris fell in love with this dance, representing the beginning of its international fame.
Though tango is now one of the most popular dances in the world, its origins are in a series of risky improvisations in the brothels of Buenos Aires. Before the tango madness included Europe twentieth century, it may have been a dance reserved for prostitutes dancing with their clients. This theory of tango history does not take into account the other places where men and women in working class went to dance, like the Buenos Aires workers’ quarters. However, what is known is that tango is a dance whose first days were about sex and gender relations. Women and men who danced him played social roles through their movements. It is not called “the dance of love” in vain.
9. Day of Friendship
Most countries celebrate the ubiquitous Day of the Mother, which falls on different days in various countries. Paraguay celebrates Dia de la Madre on May 15, while Argentina celebrates in October. We can also find the Father’s Day celebration around the world, although it is not celebrated with as much enmity as its equivalent.
What you will not find anywhere in the world is Friendship Day, a day full of friendship. In the early 1970s, an Argentinean established Dia del Amigo after he felt connected to everyone on Earth when Apollo 11 landed on the moon.
Friendship Day is an official celebration in Buenos Aires, although it is not a national public holiday. Friends meet, parties take place, everyone gathering at night to celebrate friendship every July 20th. On Friendship Day in 2005, a record number of people celebrated their friendship. So many people have called friends that cell phone lines have fallen in many cities and so many were in a festive mood that hotels and restaurants have not had accommodation anymore.
In the last decade, in Argentina, a lot of giant dinosaurs have been discovered. Giganotosaurus is a genre found in Argentina. As its name claims, members of this genus were some of the largest carnivores that dominated the land. They walked on two legs and resembled quite well with the famous T. Rex, but Giganotosaurus was bigger than his cousin and had three “fingers” instead of two. He lived 90-122 million years ago, and he may have fed other hated dinosaurs like Argentinosaurus.
Argentinosaurus is one of the most famous dinosaurs. This was a herbivore, named after the country where it was discovered, believed to have reached up to 38 meters in length and weighed 75,000 kilograms. Scientists have recently studied how such a large animal could have moved on the ground. They scanned the skeleton and digitally rebuilt their movements to study their locomotion. It looks like these giant dinosaurs could reach speeds of more than two meters per second.
Argentina was not just a playground for giant dinosaurs, but the oldest known predator dinosaur was discovered here in 1993. This old carnivore stood on two large legs, its arms small. Named Euraptor, it was the size of a dog, just one meter in length. The Euraptor was most likely a carnivore, devouring animals 230 million years ago in the Northwest of Argentina today.
On June 10, 1892, the two Francisca Rojas children were found dead by stabbing their house in Buenos Aires. The 27-year-old woman said her neighbor had come into their house and committed the horrible double murder. The neighbor was released after more than a week of torture and a detective in the city was brought to help with the investigation. Inspector Alvarez analyzed the crime scene and noticed a bloody footprint that he took with him to examine it. He took the fingerprints of Rojas and compared them to the one on the door. After she decided they were identical, the woman confessed the horrible crime.
Rojas became the first person in the world to be convicted with a fingerprint as evidence. Prior to the sentence, an anthropologist who immigrated to Argentina, named Juan Vecutich, began working on a fingerprint rating system. He was a pioneer in the field, and his ranking was the first of its kind in the world. After Rojas’ culpable verdict, Argentina became the first country to use fingerprints as the primary form for identifying offenders.
6. The most southerly inhabited city
It depends on whether you believe Chilean people or Argentine people, but the second state could be the home of the southernmost city in the world. The Chilean naval base, Puerto Williams, focuses its tourism on this slogan, so the two cities are rigorously bold when it comes to this issue. Although the official title is debated, Ushuaia argues that this is the southernmost city in the world.
Ushuaia is the capital of the Tierra del Fuego province in southern Argentina.
Here live around 57,000 people, the city stretching over an area of 23 square kilometers, the area being inhabited 7,000 years ago. Temperatures vary throughout the year between – 1 degree Celsius and 15-degree average highs. Tourists come here to see the Arctic fauna, such as penguins, seals and killer whales. Visitors can stroll with End of the World Train to Tierra del Fuego National Park, where many such animals live.
5. The animated film
Walt Disney is often associated with the first animated films, but Disney is said to have been inspired by Argentine director Quirino Cristiani. An Argentinian born in Italy, Cristiani, was a young animator who innovated the technique of animating cardboard cuts. This animation is faster and easier to create, using crops of figures, instead of drawing them individually for each frame.
Working with producer Frederico Valle, the two have assumed the ambitious task of creating their first feature film. Named “Al Apostol,” the film was a political satire and was received with positive reviews when it was released on November 9, 1917. Nine years later, all known copies of the first feature film were destroyed when the movie studio of Valle burned in 1926. However, Cristiani continued to be a pioneer of animation. In 1931 he created his first animated soundtrack. “Peludopolis” was another political satire made by cutting technique.
4. Che Guevara
Ernesto “Che” Guevara’s daughter was adopted as an icon in folk culture for all revolutionary movements, counter-cultures, ideologies. His image is printed on t-shirts, painted on the walls and placed on the posters of the inspired students’ dormitory rooms. The photo on which most of these are based was made by Alberto Korda and was named the most famous photograph in the world by the Maryland Institute College of Art.
It has become so popular that, many decades after its death, many young people continue to wear shirts with this image just to be fashionable. Che Guevara represents rebellion and individuality, its symbol representing a romantic vision of the revolution.
Guevara was a revolutionary for the Marxist movement, playing an important role in the Cuban revolution.
After medical studies, he traveled through Latin America, and the poverty he noticed inspired him to become a follower of Marxism. The Travel Journey movie (“Diary of the Motorcycle”) was cast about Guevara’s Latin American trip, where he traveled with a friend who was also a student of medicine. In their travels, they noticed extreme poverty and structural inequalities between people.
Although his influence is related to the role played in the Cuban revolution, Guevara was not from Cuba. He was born in Rosario, Argentina, in southern Buenos Aires. He grew up in Argentina and only after he became a doctor began his revolutionary activities. Guevara died in Bolivia, executed by the Bolivian army in 1967.
3. Same-sex marriage
Canada became the first country in the Americas to legalize same-sex marriage in 1999, Argentina following it almost a decade later. The social progress in this Catholic country has been attributed to the fact that ideas on freedom and identity have changed in a post-dictatorial government.
Since the legalization of civil unions in 2002, Argentina has made quick moves towards same-sex marriage. In 2008, couples of the same sex who lived together for more than five years or more were entitled to a survivor’s pension if their partner died.
Only two years later, the country has legalized same-sex marriage at national level. It was a dramatic choice for a country that is still highly divided on this theme. Argentina is the place where the first child in the world who has legally two fathers was born. Born in a couple in Buenos Aires in July 2012, the baby is the first in the world to have two fathers on the birth certificate.
2. Aesthetic surgery
At least 1 in 30 Argentineans are using aesthetic surgery and, due to the low cost of procedures, has become an important point for aesthetic surgery tourism. A lesser phenomenon occurs in Argentina, called the “model of the model”, referring to a large number of women who want to get an ideal body at any cost. Anorexia rates have increased a lot in recent years, with the country’s highest anorexia rates per capita around the world.
This sad trend does not only refer to women – an opt of the patients treated for eating disorders are men.
Buenos Aires has a large number of aesthetic surgeons due to high local demand as well as medical tourists coming from around the world. Buenos Aires offers some of the best aesthetic surgeons in the world, but due to the large number of procedures and the large number of surgeons, complications can occur in any surgery.
People are obsessed, both publicly and privately, by the way they look. In 2009, former Miss Argentina tried gluteoplasty, a procedure for sitting that has the role of lifting and making a harder stretch. He suffered severe complications during the procedure and died from pulmonary embolism only three days after surgery. Perhaps this is also explained by the growing number of psychiatrists in Buenos Aires. There are so many that an area of the city was nicknamed “Villa Freud” because of the large number of psychoanalysts.
1. Natural wonders
The wide and diverse landscape of Argentina offers extreme temperatures and extreme landscapes. Here one can find some of the most spectacular waterfalls on the planet, and the record in extremes for huge rivers and diversity of fauna and flora. The Iguazu waterfalls comprise 275 waterfalls in the northern part of the country, on the border between Argentina and Brazil. The water falls from a height of 80 meters, having a width of three kilometers. Many think these are the greatest waterfalls in the world. The waterfalls are surrounded by subtropical forests and countless animal species, including Amazona vinacea, a wild green parrot.
To the south, to Patagonia, there are other extreme landscapes: the Patagonia glaciers. Such a glacier is Perito Moreno, which is the third largest freshwater reserve in the world and one of only three glaciers in Patagonia that grows, does not decrease. Many people do not associate Argentina with glaciers, but this is one of the most accessible glaciers in the world, tourists gathered here to see the power of ice nearby.
The highest and lowest temperatures in South America were recorded in Argentina. On June 6, 1907, a small town in the heart of Patagonia, Sarmiento, recorded a temperature of -32.8 degrees Celsius. 13 years later, Villa de Maria in province Cordova recorded the highest temperature in South America on January 2, 1920. The thermometer reached 49.1 degrees Celsius.
It is also the largest and smallest altitudes. Santa Cruz is a southern province of Argentina, a stretch of Patagonia in South America. Laguna del Carbon is a salt lake located in Santa Cruz and, 105 meters below sea level, is the lowest point in all of South America.
To the north, in the Andes, there is the highest point in South America, Aconcagua. Located in the province of Mendoza, it is the highest mountain in South America, but also in North America, with an altitude of 6962 meters. It is considered a non-technical climb and, due to its height, many aplinists consider it to be the highest point of non-technical climbing on Earth.
The country has less than one-third of the United States, but it includes so many extremes within its boundaries. This is really an area with a wild and diverse landscape.