On October 12, Spain celebrates its national day. This date was chosen in honor of the day when Christopher Columbus discovered America (October 12, 1492).
Here are some curiosities about this country:
1. Did you know that the official name of Spain is “Kingdom of Spain”?
2. Did you know that the national anthem of Spain has no words?
3. Did you know that the oldest lighthouse in the world is the Tower of Hercules? It is located in Spain, being built from the first century and still functional.
4. Spain had a higher unemployment rate in 2013 (27.2%) than in the US during the Great Depression (25%).
5. In Spain there is a town where 700 people are called “Jap”, the descendants of 17th-century samurai who settled in Spain.
6. Joan Pujol Garcia was a double Spanish agent who managed to receive the most important distinctions from both the Germans and the British for his spy activity.
7. The youngest king in the world was Alfonso XIII of Spain, who became king on the day he was born.
8. Did you know that there are more Spanish speakers in America than in Spain?
9. The Eiffel Tower was originally designed to be built in Barcelona, but the project was rejected by local authorities.
10. Did you know that 72% of the Spanish population speaks Spanish? The rest speak Catalan, Galician, Basque, and others.
11. The Sagrada Familia in Barcelona has been under construction for over 130 years and is expected to be complete in 2026.
12. Modern people arrived for the first time in Iberia (Spain today) about 35,000 years ago.
13. Spain has two major enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla, in mainland Africa.
14. There is a tyrolean on the border between Spain and Portugal, so you can cross the country from one country to another.
15. In 1894, Japan offered to buy the Philippines from Spain 40 million pounds.
16. Of all the countries that celebrate a day of independence, 58 are independent from the UK, 26 from France, 21 from Russia and 21 from Spain.
17. In 2007, scientists in Spain found a tooth from a distant human ancestor, which would have been more than 1 million years old.
18. Spain was the third most visited country in the world in 2013.
19. Taurus is the national animal of Spain.
20. There are no laws against nudity in public spaces in Spain.
21. Spain was neutral in the First World War and World War II, but had a civil war (1936-1939), which killed over 500,000 people.
22. Prostitutes in Spain are required to wear reflective vests at night to reduce accidents.
23. In Spain there is a direct descendant of Christopher Columbus in life. He is a Spanish nobleman.
24. The last Moor Kingdom in Spain fell in the same year that Columbus reached the Americas.
25. Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union.
26. La Tomatina is an annual tomato festival that takes place in Spain, where people throw thousands of tomatoes into each other.
27. In 2000, the Spanish basketball team Paralimpic had to return the gold medals after almost all of their players proved to have no handicap.
28. Did you know that Britain invaded Spain accidentally in 2002? Approximately 20 British ships landed in Spain, instead of Gibraltar, for 5 minutes until the error was recognized and all of them withdrew.
29. Calm or defamation of the royal family in Spain is punishable by up to two years in prison.
30. Two Roman dams in Spain are still in use after more than 1,900 years.
31. About 43% of the world’s olive oil production is produced in Spain.
32. The descendants of the Aztec Emperor Montezuma II were brought to Spain, becoming a part of the Spanish nobility and the title of “Duce de Moctezuma de Tultengo”.
33. “InTempo” in Benidorm is a 47-storey skyscraper reaching a height of 200 meters, which was designed without a lift.
34. Spain has the fourth highest life expectancy in the world, with an average of 82.8 years.